Irregular Periods Treatment
Apr 30, 2022
Irregular Periods Treatment
Menstruation usually begins at puberty around the age of 10 to 16 years and lasts until menopause. They continue until menopause, when they are 45 to 55 years old. The menstrual cycle is typically 28 days long, although it can vary from person to person.
When the endometrium sheds its uterine lining, this is known as menstruation, in which the uterus hemorrhages from vaginal bleeding. This uterine rupture occurs due to vaginal bleeding from the womb, which causes the uterus to hemorrhage. Irregular menstrual cycles or oligomenorrhea can happen in the following situations:
- Missing 3 or 4 consecutive menstruation cycles
- Periods occur within 21 days or more than 35 days apart
- Continuous menstrual flow after seven days
- Cramping and abdominal pain
- Nausea or vomiting during periods
- Hormonal imbalances
- Endurance workouts
- Change in method of contraception
- Bleeding and spotting occur in between periods, post-menopause, and following intercourse.
It's typically not essential to seek medical attention for irregular periods during puberty and menopause. However, if irregular periods occur during the reproductive years, women should seek medical attention.
Causes of irregular periods:
Below are the reasons for oligomenorrhea, what they could indicate for a woman's health, and when one should visit a doctor for irregular period's treatment:
- Polycystic Ovary Symptoms (PCOS) are one of the major causes of irregular periods. This chronic condition develops due to the generation of small cysts on the ovaries. These cysts affect the functionality of ovaries and stop the release or ovulation of the egg every month; it may appear as stop or irregular periods.
- Irregular periods might be a sign that your thyroid isn't working correctly. Thyroid problems may also cause depression, anxiety, severe exhaustion, and quick weight gain.
- Period irregularities can be caused by hormonal changes when using the pill, contraceptive patches, or coil implant. Menstrual cycles can also be affected by changing contraceptive techniques.
- When endometriosis occurs, menstruation is highly painful and might be irregular. This condition also causes discomfort during sexual activity, bowel issues, infertility, and stomach pain. Menstruation may last longer than usual, and some may have bleeding between their periods.
- A woman's estrogen levels vary throughout perimenopause, which can cause irregular periods. Spotting in between periods, lighter or heavier menstrual cycles, and missing menstrual periods are the common symptoms throughout the perimenopause years.
- Hormonal and anti-inflammatory drugs, blood thinners, extreme weight loss, or weight gain during a short period of stress are other causes of irregular periods.
Irregular periods treatment:
Irregular periods treatment depends on the reproductive history and plans, overall health, and reasons for the menstrual abnormalities of an individual. Irregular periods treatment is of two types:
Commonly doctors suggest the following drug treatments for irregular periods:
- Hormone replacement injections to replace hormonal imbalances
- Iron supplements are used to treat anemia.
- Oral contraceptives to shorten menstruation duration or regulate the cycle
- To stop or minimize mild blood loss, use naproxen or ibuprofen as these are Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs)
Complicated medical procedures:
Here are few effective medical procedures for irregular period's treatment:
- Dilation and curettage (D & C): This is a relatively routine surgery to reduce menstrual bleeding. The doctor dilates the cervix and scraps the uterine lining.
- Endometrial ablation is a treatment for women who have failed to manage excessive bleeding and associated symptoms with medication alone. Due to the uterus being destroyed, there will be little or no period flow.
- Endometrial resection: When medicine alone has failed to control heavy bleeding and accompanying symptoms, this is a therapy for women. There will be little or no menstrual flow due to the destruction of the uterus.
- Hysterectomy: Doctors use it only as a last resort after less invasive options have failed as the ovaries are removed during this surgery. Women with tumors or fibroids may benefit from this method of treatment. It is impossible to conceive children after undergoing a hysterectomy as it results in early menopause.